How has foreign occupation shaped culture? What has been the lasting cultural legacy of foreign occupation in those societies where it represented a common state of affairs for much of the modern era? These are key questions which, in light of ongoing cases of occupation around the world, remain crucial in the 21st century. Cultures of Occupation in Twentieth Century Asia will address these questions by analysing how occupation – be it under colonial, wartime or Cold War powers – gave rise to unique visual, auditory and spatial regimes in East and Southeast Asia.
Research focus of this project is to analyse the interaction of concepts of legality and justice between Asia and Europe during the War Crimes Trials program in various countries in East Asia between 1945 and 1954, taking into account the legal proceedings, the role of the United Nations War Crimes Commission, as well as the political implications emanating from Decolonization and Cold War considerations.
Established in 2000 at UC Berkeley, the War Crimes Studies Center (WCSC) is a university based research organization dedicated to promoting the rule of law, accountability, and human rights around the world, particularly in post-conflict societies.Relying on a small core staff of lawyers, scholars, student interns, and volunteers, the Center concentrates its resources where it can make a real difference in post-conflict societies seeking to come to terms with their violent past and provide their citizens with justice and accountability.
The project is part of the broader work on UN History for the Future being conducted in conjunction with the Ralph Bunche Centre for International Studies at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. The War Crimes and Human Rights project is in partnership with the Wiener Library for Holocaust and Genocide Studies and the Institute for Advanced Legal Studies at London University. The project we will be releasing selected documents from the UN archives and other material related to the work of the UNWCC.
This programme aims to create a permanent educational structure to train specially prepared, internationally applicable “monitors” of war crimes trials. While monitoring has been common in international and mixed national-international courts for many years, such observation of criminal trials is up to now widely unknown in Germany.
This project examines the repatriation and release of Japanese war criminals convicted in Allied courts in Asia and the Pacific in the aftermath of the Second World War. At the end of the military conflict, there was a strong determination on the part of the Allies to place on trial those accused of responsibility for mistreatment and neglect of Allied prisoners-of-war and civilian internees, as well as indigenous inhabitants of occupied regions. The project examines the tangled process by which all the surviving convicted war criminals were repatriated to Japan and finally released by the end of 1958.
This new center will be producing Chinese scholarship on the Tokyo Trial and assisting in the further pursuit of Chinese oriented publications focused on the legal and historical significance of the Class A war crimes trial.