Monthly Archives: October 2016

Military Tribunals seen through the Fates of Interpreter-Convicts: Dr. Takeda Kayoko’s Guest Lecture at the Project

Date: 31 October 2016

The histories of war crimes tribunals often revolve around a familiar set of defendants: military and sometimes civilian leaders, officers of various ranks, ordinary soldiers and civilians in military employ. Interpreters, however, represent one group of convicts whose experiences and roles in military tribunals have been largely unstudied. Research into the fates of Japanese and other East Asian interpreter-convicts at various Class B/C war crimes trials against the Japanese following the World War II could broaden our understanding of the multinational, multi-layered processes of bringing to justice the agents of Japanese Empire.

Dr Kayoko Takeda, a Professor of Translation and Interpreting Studies in the College of Intercultural Communication at Rikkyo University in Tokyo, has long studied the role of translators and interpreters in history. In a research seminar with the ERC Project Team and other members of the Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Dr Takeda talked about tribunals that brought Japanese interpreters into the courtroom not only in the capacity of linguistic mediators between defendants and the prosecution, but very often as defendants themselves. Locating this phenomenon in the broader international framework of military tribunals, Dr Takeda presented her analysis of the complicated business of establishing order and justice in post-imperial East Asia. The guest talk was followed by a lively discussion and a dinner with the guest speaker.

Event poster



Deokhyo Choi, “Fighting the Korean War in pacifist Japan: Korean and Japanese leftist solidarity and American Cold War containment,” Critical Asian Studies, Volume 49, 2017, p. 1-23.

Deokhyo Choi, “Guest Editor’s Introduction: Writing the ‘Empire’ Back into the History of Postwar Japan,” International Journal of Korean History, 22, 1 (February 2017), p. 1-10.

Deokhyo Choi, “The South Korean Interim Legislative Assembly and the Anti-Traitor Act in U.S.-Occupied Korea,” (in Japanese) Annual Bulletin of the Global Exchange Organization for Research and Education, Gakushuin University, 3 (February 2017), p. 18-29.

崔徳孝「国際シンポジウム米軍政下南朝鮮における「親日派」 : 処罰法の制定の試みとその挫折」国際研究教育機構研究年報(学習院大学)

Sherzod Muminov, “From Imperial Revenants to Cold War Victims: ‘Red Repatriates’ from the Soviet Union and the Making of the New Japan, 1949-1952,” Cold War History (accepted for publication, currently in press).

Barak Kushner「合法性と帝国──台湾を事例とした日中関係における「正義」をめぐる戦い」中国21, vol. 45, February 2017, p. 81-105.

Sherzod Muminov, “Categorising Victimhood: Manchukuo and the Gendered National History of the Japanese Empire’s Violent Collapse in Northeast Asia,” Situations: Cultural Studies in the Asian Context 10.1 (2017): 23-40.

Barak Kushner「戦後中国における日本人戦犯裁判の戦い〜正義とその正当性」国際研究教育機構研究年報(学習院大学)第3号2017年, p. 5-17.

Young-hwan Chong, “The Tokyo Trial and the Question of Colonial Responsibility: Zainichi Korean Reactions to Allied Justice in Occupied Japan,” translated by Sherzod Muminov and Deokhyo Choi, International Journal of Korean History 22:1 (2017): 77-105.

Matthew Funaiole, “Re-conceptualizing Japan’s Foreign Policy Trajectory through Social Identity Theory,” East Asia: An International Quarterly, Volume 32,  Issue 4,  December 2015,  p. 361-383.

Arnaud Doglia, “Les cobayes humains de l’Unité 731” (“Unit 731 and Human Guinea Pigs”), in L’Histoire, Pacifique 1931-1945: l’autre guerre mondiale, Paris, no. 413-414, June 2015, p. 66-70.

James Llewelyn, “Japan’s Cold War Diplomacy and its Return to Southeast Asia,” Asia-Pacific Review, Volume 21,  Issue 2,  2014,  p. 86-116.

Barak Kushner, “Ghosts of the Japanese Imperial Army: The ‘White Group’ (Baituan) and Early Post-war Sino-Japanese Relations,” Past and Present, volume 218 (suppl 8), (Transnationalism and Contemporary Global History), 2013, p. 117-150.


Park Kyung-Min (朴敬珉)朝鮮引揚げと日韓国交正常化交渉への道慶應義塾大学出版会, 2018.

バラク・クシュナー (井形彬訳)『思想戦: 大日本帝国のプロパガンダ』 (明石書店, 2016)  (The Japanese translation of Barak Kushner, The Thought War, Japanese Imperial Propaganda

Arnaud Doglia, L’arme biologique japonaise, 1880–2010: Réalités historiques et anatomie de la mémoire (Japanese Biological Warfare, 1880-2011: Historical Realities and the Anatomy of Memory), Bern: Peter Lang, 2016.

Barak Kushner,  Men to Devils, Devils to Men: Japanese War Crimes and Chinese Justice, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015.

Winner of the American Historical Association’s 2016 John K. Fairbank Prize

Related:  Interview with author

Barak Kushner (translator),  Media, Propaganda and Politics in 20th-Century Japan (with a foreword by Funabashi Yoichi), London: Bloomsbury, 2015.

Related: Interview with the editors Funabashi Yoichi and Barak Kushner (in Chinese)

Book Chapters

Barak Kushner, “Japan’s war of words with the world: WWII propaganda in the international arena,” in Sven Saaler and Christopher W.A. Szpilman, eds., Routledge Handbook of Modern Japanese History, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 251-263, ISBN-13: 978-1138815186.

Barak Kushner, “The Question of Complicity: Japan’s Early Postures toward War Crimes and War Responsibility in the Aftermath of the Second World War,” in Kerstin von Lingen, ed., Debating Collaboration and Complicity in War Crimes Trials in Asia (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2017), p. 151-176.

Deokhyo Choi, “Defining Colonial ‘War Crimes’: Korean Debates on Collaboration, War Reparations, and the International Military Tribunal for the Far East,” in Kerstin von Lingen, ed., Debating Collaboration and Complicity in War Crimes Trials in Asia (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2017), p. 41-59.

Arnaud Doglia, “Japanese Medical Atrocities and the Collaboration of the Scientific Elites: Postwar Perspectives,” in Kerstin von Lingen, ed., Debating Collaboration and Complicity in War Crimes Trials in Asia (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2017), p. 129-149.

Barak Kushner「日本語版への序文」(new introduction for the Japanese translation) in バラク・クシュナー(井形彬訳)『思想戦:大日本帝国のプロパガンダ』(明石書店, 2016), p. 3-14; p. 333-334 (notes).

Barak Kushner, “Introduction: The Unevenness of the End of Empire.” In The Dismantling of Japan’s Empire in East Asia: Deimperialization, Postwar Legitimation and Imperial Afterlife, edited by Barak Kushner and Sherzod Muminov, 1-11. Oxon: Routledge, 2017.

Barak Kushner, “Imperial Loss and Japan’s Search for Postwar Legitimacy.” In The Dismantling of Japan’s Empire in East Asia: Deimperialization, Postwar Legitimation and Imperial Afterlifeedited by Barak Kushner and Sherzod Muminov, 48-65. Oxon: Routledge, 2017.

Sherzod Muminov, “Prejudice, Punishment, and Propaganda: Post-Imperial Japan and the Soviet Versions of History and Justice in East Asia, 1945-1956.”  In The Dismantling of Japan’s Empire in East Asia: Deimperialization, Postwar Legitimation and Imperial Afterlifeedited by Barak Kushner and Sherzod Muminov, 146-164. Oxon: Routledge, 2017.

Sherzod Muminov, “The Siberian Internment and the Transnational History of the Early Cold War Japan, 1945-1956.” In Transnational Japan as History: Empire, Migration and Social Movements,  Pedro Iacobelli, Danton Leary and Shinnosuke Takahashi, eds. New York: Palgrave Macmillan,  2016.

Sherzod Muminov, “冷戦初期日本における菅季治の犠牲:赤狩りとソ連からの引揚者” (Kan Sueharu’s Sacrifice in Early Cold War Japan: The Red Purge and the Returnees from the Soviet Union). In Nichiro kankei: Rekishi to Gendai,  Nobuo Shimotomai eds. Tokyo: Hosei University Press, 2015.

Deokhyo Choi,  “‘Mindful of the Enslavement’: The Cairo Declaration, Korean Independence, and the Ambiguity of the Liberation of Koreans in Defeated Japan,” The Significance and Effects of the Cairo Declaration吳思華、呂芳上、林永樂, eds., 開羅宣言的意義與影響 (Taipei: Center for Humanities Research of National Chengchi University, 2014), 177-198. [refereed]

Barak Kushner, “Unwarranted attention: the image of Japan in twentieth century Chinese humour.” In Humour in Chinese Life and Culture: Resistance and Control in Modern Times, Jessica Davis and Jocelyn Chey, eds. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press 2013, p. 47-80, ISBN 978-988-8139-23-1.

Book Reviews

Sherzod Muminov’s review of Yukiko Koga, Inheritance of Loss: China, Japan, and the Political Economy of Redemption after Empire, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press (2016).

Sherzod Muminov’s review of Hiro Saito, The History Problem: The Politics of War Commemoration in East Asia, Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press (2016).

Aiko Otsuka’s review of Lee K. Pennington, Casualties of History: Wounded Japanese Servicemen and the Second War, in Pacific Affairs, Vol. 90, No. 1 (March 2017).

Sherzod Muminov’s review of Yoshikuni Igarashi, Homecomings: The Belated Return of Japan’s Lost Soldiers, in Pacific Affairs, Vol. 90, No. 4 (December 2017).

Sherzod Muminov review of Meron Medzini, Under the Shadow of the Rising Sun: Japan and the Jews during the Holocaust Era, in Japan Forum, published online (forthcoming in print).

Andrew Levidis’ review of Saito Hiro’s The History Problem. The Politics of War Commemoration in East AsiaHonolulu: University of Hawai’i / Hawai’i Press (2017) in The Japan Society, February 2018.